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GRAMMAR: Irregular verbs list

irregular_verbs_listIrregular verbs, as the name suggests, don’t follow a pattern. You simply need to learn them. In this lesson you will find an irregular verbs list. We suggest you try to learn a few each each day.

But before we look at an irregular verbs list, we need to think about how to form regular verbs. English verbs often end in +ed or +d when used in the past tense or participle form.

For example:

work – worked / live – lived

These are regular verbs.

Below you will find an irregular verbs list. Don’t try to learn them all at once! Go through the irregular verbs list until you get ten that you don’t know, then practice.


Irregular verbs list

VerbSimple PastPast Participle
A
arisearosearisen
awakeawakened / awokeawakened / awoken
B
bewas, werebeen
bearboreborn / borne
beatbeatbeaten / beat
becomebecamebecome
beginbeganbegun
bendbentbent
bindboundbound
bitebitbitten
bleedbledbled
blowblewblown
breakbrokebroken
breedbredbred
bringbroughtbrought
buildbuiltbuilt
burnburned / burntburned / burnt
burstburstburst
buyboughtbought
C
castcastcast
catchcaughtcaught
choosechosechosen
clingclungclung
comecamecome
costcostcost
creepcreptcrept
cutcutcut
D
dealdealtdealt
digdugdug
divedove / diveddived
dodiddone
drawdrewdrawn
dreamdreamed / dreamtdreamed / dreamt
drinkdrankdrunk
drivedrovedriven
dwelldwelt / dwelleddwelt / dwelled
E
eatateeaten
F
fallfellfallen
feedfedfed
feelfeltfelt
fightfoughtfought
findfoundfound
fleefledfled
flingflungflung
flyflewflown
forbidforbadeforbidden
forecastforecastforecast
foregoforewentforegone
foreseeforesawforeseen
foretellforetoldforetold
forgetforgotforgotten
forgiveforgaveforgiven
forsakeforsookforsaken
freezefrozefrozen
G
getgotgot / gotten
givegavegiven
gowentgone
grindgroundground
growgrewgrown
H
handwritehandwrotehandwritten
hanghunghung
havehadhad
hearheardheard
hewhewedhewn / hewed
hidehidhidden
hithithit
holdheldheld
hurthurthurt
I
inbreedinbredinbred
inlayinlaidinlaid
inputinput / inputtedinput / inputted
interbreedinterbredinterbred
interweaveinterwove / interweavedinterwoven / interweaved
interwindinterwoundinterwound
J
K
keepkeptkept
kneelknelt / kneeledknelt / kneeled
knitknitted / knitknitted / knit
knowknewknown
L
laylaidlaid
leadledled
leanleaned / leantleaned / leant
leapleaped / leaptleaped / leapt
learnlearned / learntlearned / learnt
leaveleftleft
lendlentlent
letletlet
lie (ie ‘to lie down’)laylain
lie (ie ‘to tell a lie’)liedlied
lightlit / lightedlit / lighted
loselostlost
M
makemademade
meanmeantmeant
meetmetmet
mowmowedmowed / mown
N
O
P
partakepartookpartaken
paypaidpaid
pleadpleaded / pledpleaded / pled
proofreadproofreadproofread
proveprovedproven / proved
putputput
Q
quitquitquit
R
readread (pronounced red)read (pronounced red)
ridridrid
rideroderidden
ringrangrung
riseroserisen
runranrun
S
sawsawedsawed / sawn
saysaidsaid
seesawseen
seeksoughtsought
sellsoldsold
sendsentsent
setsetset
sewsewedsewn / sewed
shakeshookshaken
shaveshavedshaved / shaven
shearshearedsheared / shorn
shedshedshed
shineshined / shoneshined / shone
shootshotshot
showshowedshown / showed
shrinkshrank / shrunkshrunk
shutshutshut
sight-readsight-readsight-read
singsangsung
sinksank / sunksunk
sitsatsat
sleepsleptslept
slideslidslid
slingslungslung
slinkslinked / slunkslinked / slunk
slitslitslit
smellsmelled / smeltsmelled / smelt
sneaksneaked / snucksneaked / snuck
sowsowedsown / sowed
speakspokespoken
speedspedsped
spellspelled / speltspelled / spelt
spendspentspent
spillspilled / spiltspilled / spilt
spinspunspun
spitspatspat
splitsplitsplit
spoilspoiled / spoiltspoiled / spoilt
spreadspreadspread
springsprang / sprungsprung
standstoodstood
stealstolestolen
stickstuckstuck
stingstungstung
stinkstunk / stankstunk
strewstrewedstrewn
stridestrodestridden
strikestruckstruck / stricken
strivestrove / strivedstriven / strived
sunburnsunburned / sunburntsunburned / sunburnt
swearsworesworn
sweatsweat / sweatedsweat / sweated
sweepsweptswept
swellswelledswollen / swelled
swimswamswum
swingswungswung
T
taketooktaken
teachtaughttaught
teartoretorn
telltoldtold
thinkthoughtthought
throwthrewthrown
thrustthrustthrust
treadtrodtrodden / trod
U
understandunderstoodunderstood
upsetupsetupset
V
W
wakewoke / wakedwoken / waked
waylaywaylaidwaylaid
wearworeworn
weavewovewoven
wedwedwed
weepweptwept
wetwetwet
winwonwon
windwoundwound
withdrawwithdrewwithdrawn
withholdwithheldwithheld
withstandwithstoodwithstood
wringwrungwrung
writewrotewritten
X
Y
Z
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