We recommend reading the ‘Linking words‘ page before attempting this exercise.
Using linking words effectively and accurately is essential if you are looking for a good result in your IELTS test (they are part of the result you receive for cohesion and coherence).
Complete the text using one of the three options in the dropdown box.
Over recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in international migration, often (a)political and economic pressures at home. As with many social issues, this has had both positive and negative effects, as can be seen in an analysis of both Sydney and Auckland. In Sydney, there are many areas which have been shaped by the cultures of other nationalities and ethnic groups making Australia their new home. There is an area steeped in the culture and tradition of the Chinese ((b)the name Chinatown), an area which has become so famous it even has its own website! With one quarter of the population being foreign immigrants, Auckland has (c)become very cosmopolitan, with representatives of over 35 nations living and working in or around New Zealand’s largest city. For both cities, this migration has had many advantageous effects. (d), dazzling arrays of different cuisines are available, from Indian curries to Turkish kebabs. (e)to food, such a multicultural mix exposes us to much more of a variety of different traditions, outlooks and languages. (f), we gain a much wider understanding of international cultures.
(g), with so many different perspectives in relatively close confinement, there are
bound to be problems. Cultural communities develop, sometimes isolating themselves and
importing their own sense of tradition and belief at the expense of the traditions of their new
country. (h), racial suspicions can grow, often developing into tense situations.
To conclude, (i)the inevitable pressures inherent in such a variety of cultures,
both Sydney and Auckland (j)remain good examples of cross-cultural toleration and
A. As a result
D. For instance
E. In addition