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TENSES: The present simple

the_present_simpleIn English grammar, the present simple is used to talk about habits and routines. Here is an example of the present simple in a sentence:

I work on weekdays.

The present simple can also be used to talk about something you don’t do.

I don’t eat meat.

The present simple verb can change if you talk about other people.

Positive +Negative –
Iworkdon’t work.
Youworkdon’t work.
Weworkdon’t work.
Heworksdoesn’t work.
Sheworksdoesn’t work.
Itworksdoesn’t work.
Theyworkdon’t work.

 


The present simple also changes if you ask questions about other people.

DoIwork?
Doyouwork?
Dowework?
Doeshework?
Doesshework?
Doesitwork?
Dotheywork?

For he, she or it, the present simple changes:

I missHe missesverb ends in ‘s’add +es
I flyHe fliesverbs ends in consonant + ‘y’add +ies
I washHe washesverb ends in ‘sh’add +es
I fixHe fixesverb ends in ‘x’add +es
I buzzIt buzzesverb ends in ‘z’add +es

 


Another change that happens with the present simple is with have.

I have a new car.I don’t have a new car.Do I have a new car?
You have a car.You don’t have a new car.Do you have a new car?
We have a car.We don’t have a new car.Do we have a new car?
He has a new car.He doesn’t have a new car.Does he have a new car?
She has a new car.She doesn’t have a new car.Does she have a new car?
It has new tyres.It doesn’t have new tyres.Does it have new tyres?
They have a new car.They don’t have new car.Do they have a new car?

Click here to try the present simple exercises.

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